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The enigma of the monolith of Pokotia, symbol of the Pukara civilitazion
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The monolith of Pokotia is an anthropomorphic stone statue, about 170 cm height, which was found in 1960 on the site of Pokotia, about 2 km from the ancient city of Tiahuanaco.
In 2002, researchers Bernard Biados, Freddy Arce, Javier Escalante, Cesar Calisaya, Leocadio Ticlla, Alberto Vasquez, Alvaro Fernholz, Omar Sadud, Paulo Batuani and Rodrigo Velasco analyzed the monolith, which was located in the “Museo de Metales Preciosos” in La Paz, and they verified that there are inscriptions not only in the front part, but also in the back.
Unfortunately it was not possible to determine the exact place where the monolith was found. In any case, after a deep analysis of the statue they could affirm that it belongs to a period prior to the classical Tiahuanaco civilization. In my opinion the monolith of Pokotia may have been carved in a period prior to the flourishing of the Pukara civilization.
According to the official linguistic term Pukara comes from Quechua and means “fortress” or strategic place from where is possible to control a valley or the confluence of two rivers.
The Pukara civilization had its center in the fortified town located 61 kilometers north of Juliaca, in the department of Puno. The term Pukara, however, is so common in the valleys in the north of the Lake Titicaca (the site Poquera and even the Petroglyphs of Pusharo, which are located much farther away, at the banks of the Palotoa river in the Madre de Dios region), which leads in my opinion to identify the origin of the Pukara civilization in the Amazon Basin.
Probably some indigenous people with Arawak origin moved to the Andean plateau during the sixth millennium before Christ, in order to exchange their products. Some of them stopped in the plateau mingling with the natives of Colla origin, and then started the Chiripa and Qaluyo cultures (even the Petroglyphs of Quiaca, very similar to those of Pusharo, are another proof of those ancient voyages), and successively the Pukara civilization.
The place where the monolith of Pokotia was found was identified by some researchers as a sacred site or an oracle.
According to the scholar Clyde A. Winters in the monolith of Pokotia there are various inscriptions (of proto-Sumerian and Quellca origin), but the most important are located below the hands, and in the dorsal part (in the back of the statue).
This is the translation of the inscriptions that are located in the front part, according to Clyde A Winters:

Distribute/ the opening of the Oracle to mankind./ Proclaim [that Putaki's] offspring (are to) witness esteem./Act justly (now), to send forth the oracle to nourish knowledge./ Appreciate the cult. [All to} witness the divine decree./ Send forth the soothsayer to capture the speech [from the oracle] to make clear the ideal norm [ for living, as a guide for mankind]. [Citizens] witness in favor of this human being to create wisdom (for all mankind), and send forth [an example of good] character [Indeed]!"

In the left front part of the statue there is an additional inscription that has been interpreted as follows:

"The Diviner proclaims the phenomenal depth of this area, of the deity's power, to entrust man with wisdom".

There are two other additional incisions, always at the front:

"Good Putaki, a wise man and progenator of (many) people."

Further:

Sworn to testify character and wisdom. Testify of the power of godliness in order to strengthen your character.

In the hand of the monolith is written, according to Winters:

"The oracle of Putaki conducts man to truth. (This) esteemed (and) precious oracle to sprout esteem, (now) witness (its) escape".

With regard to the dorsal part of the monolith, there are various interpretations. According to Clyde A. Winters this would be the translation:

"The ideal norm (is this) oracle. (This) oracle (gives) divine decree.Distribute to all humanity (the divine decree). Snare a portion (of the) pure voice. (The oracle to) send forth gladness. Agitate the mouth (of the oracle), to send forth the divination. The diviner speaks good."
"The divine decree to become visible and glisten (from the oracle's own) mouth. Open up the divination. Agitate the oracle (to) send forth (now) wisdom and character. Open (the oracle) to distribute the divine decree (for all it is) lawful and righteous Good. Send forth the sustenance of the pure oracle. Stand upright (Oh oracle) to appear as a witness speaking purity. The oracle (of Putaki) to open (up and) send forth gladness and character".
"(Putaki) speaks (in) true measure, to send forth gladness (for all). Send forth nourish(ment). (The oracle Putaki is) the father of wisdom (and) benefit (for all). (The oracle) to become a visible witness of the diving decree and knowledge. (This) pure oracle speaks the divine decree (and) makes (it) a visible witness (of the deity's power)."

According to Clyde Winters, therefore, the monolith of Pokotia was an oracle and its name was Putaki. The inscriptions that there are engraved would be in Proto-Sumerian pictographic, although not as cuneiform as in the Fuente Magna. The authors of the inscriptions of the monolith Pokotia would therefore be the same as they recorded the Fuente Magna, in the period between 3000 and 2000 B.C.
Also according to Clyde Winters the proto-Sumerian derived, along with the proto-Dravidian, and Proto-Mande, from peoples who lived in the Sahara before the Flood.
Then there is another translation of the dorsal inscriptions in the monolith of Pokotia. It is an interpretation of pictographic Quellca, the ancient language of the Andes, perhaps used by a small group of priests in the Pukara and the Tiahuanaco cultures.
According to this interpretation, which is also based on archaeo-astronomical calculations, the inscriptions located on the back of the monolith would mean:

In the time when Manco Capac and Mama Ocllo emerged from the waters of Lake Titicaca, appeared in the sky a new star to the right side of the Southern Cross then the star became smaller and therefore disappeared in the sky. You could see over the mountains on the horizon between two mountains and began to shine on the third day of the fourth month.

According to this interpretation then, the dorsal part of the monolith would describe the explosion of a star, just as the famous legend of Manco Capac and Mama Ocllo predicted to be their exit from the Lake Titicaca, or their "birth".
After analyzing the Fuente Magna and the monolith of Pokotia I would say that the two pieces are authentic and both are reporting proto-Sumerian and Quellca inscriptions.
As I have already stated in my article on the Fuente Magna, I fully agree with the thesis of Bernard Biados according to which the Sumerians circumnavigated Africa as early as 3000 B.C.
Once they arrived to the islands of Cape Verde they found contrary winds which drove them into the ocean (the same route was utilized centuries later by Phoenicians, Carthaginians and Portuguese sailors).
So incidentally, Sumerians sailors reached the coast of Brazil, probably in the current states of Maranao or Piaui. As they were in search of metals they headed to the interior of the continent and, sailing along the Madeira and the Beni River, reached the Andean plateau. According to other researchers they could have travelled in the interior of the South American continent along the Peabiru path.
Some Sumerians stopped in the Andean plateau and mingled with Colla and Arawak ethnic groups, while others returned to their homeland.
It is interesting to see how the following terms show similarities. Especially in consonants: Pusharo (PSR), Pukara (PKR) Pokotia (PKT), Putaki (PTK).
It is therefore possible that the origin of Pukara civilization, and then the site Pokotia (with the oracle of Putaki) could be the Amazon jungle, with the enigmatic petroglyphs of Pusharo, which in my opinion are indicating a strategic place used by people of the forest during their long journey to the Andean plateau.
If further excavation will be approved in the Tiahuanaco and Pokotia sites, could be discovered important proto-Pukara remains, and possibly other proof of an ancient Sumerian presence in the New World.

YURI LEVERATTO
Copyright 2010

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